“Emergence Christianity” or the “Great Emergence” is a recent phenomenon among many Christian denominations (and perhaps other religions), so it is not confined to a few denominations only. It is a new attitude about religion and spirituality that represents, as she described, a probable and major shift in history. It is one that is more sensitive to the spirit of God who reveals truth to local congregations. It values one’s experience in life and with the spirit of God alongside a reverence for the Bible and tradition. Tickle suggested the beginning of this movement sparked at the Pentecostal Azusa Street Revival, referencing the efforts of Charles Fox Parham and Bill Seymour. Tickle showed no skepticism to the miraculous gifts supposedly manifested there. The implication is that some congregations might receive specific direction from God–theological, social, or practical–communicated through these gifts. Thus, prophecy is an important spiritual gift.
Response: I’ve left my old circles which tended to have cessationist views regarding the charisma (charismatic spiritual gifts–tongues, healing, etc.), but I still have reservations about it. I think most people do. This is because many a charlatan has mimicked them to take advantage of people. Those gifts given for building others up twisted to manipulate the congregation is more than a little detestable. So I have some hope that people genuinely practice these gifts in humble ways. So you can imagine, I am very suspicious of new social and theological direction coming from these kinds of divine utterances.
Furthermore, I’m concerned about how one can validate the legitimacy of a prophecy these days. The Torah called for some pretty severe consequences on those bearing empty prophecies (Deut. 13:5); but the New Testament doesn’t seem to call for such harshness. Paul instructed the Corinthians to evaluate prophecies but didn’t even hint at what to do if they were illegitimate (1 Cor. 14:29). What standard might one use? Obviously, the Lordship of Christ was a standard that prophecy could never violate (1 Cor. 12:3).
Tickle argued that history works in cycles (see my earlier post) but also suggested a view of all religious history that references the Trinity. The Old Testament time period was the time of the Father who focused more on judgment. The New Testament time period (I suppose CE 33 to present?) is a time that emphasized experiences with God the Son. The present is a transition into the time of the Spirit which will see much more spiritual activity.
Response: I’ve heard this kind of thinking before. It sells well, but it suggests Modalism (Sabellianism), that God has presented himself in three different modes throughout history, and that each mode is a different personality. It suggests that each member of the Trinity behaves differently in each time period. On the other hand, it may not be that they each act differently, but rather that they each interact differently with humanity. That would have some clout, but there should be a distinction here to ensure that all three members of the Trinity were simultaneously involved with human history.
On the other hand, I agree completely that something big seems to be happening in Christianity. Regular church attendance is way down, but people desire spirituality. Many believe in Christ but have been burned by the church. They prefer sincerity over strict dogma because, like the Pharisees of the first century, religious leaders often sacrifice goodness and common decency for the sake of religious ideas. So in this “post-postmodern” environment, I’m sure that the face of Christianity will change. How it will ultimately look is something that none of us can really predict.
- Ever heard of “Emergence Christianity”? (garriblog.wordpress.com)
- Emergence Christianity Comes to Memphis (juicyecumenism.com)
- A Ridiculously Basic Introduction to Emergence Christianity (drewdowns.net)